Why We Must Colonize Planets
If the theory of big bang is true, the endless universe is probably not endless in resource. (Hawking, 1989) But in comparison with earth’s surface the possible areas to live on seem endless. Yet, people don’t live behind earths sky by now. It’s even interesting, if living in space is possible at all.
Where Should We Start?
The next bigger surface in the sky is the moon. But as we know of the influence the reflection of sunlight has on life on earth , we maybe should not shape the moons appearance.
But where should we start then? Venus and mars are earths neighbor planets. As NASA states with up to 471°C the temperature on Venus is way too high as that humans could survive on it. Even a spacecraft sent there did not last long on it. (NASA, 2019)
It’s a different game with mars. The planet has a wider distance to the sun, which results in an alteration in temperature between -153°C and 20°C, maybe cold but not as intimidating as the temperatures on Venus. NASA found water in form of ice on mars and suspects that if in any time life existed on mars, it should have originated around that area. With detecting water, the livability of mars is not proven, there are other threats such as: atmospheric pressure, air to breathe, gravitation and radiation, which must be considered. (NASA, 2019)
Institutions like NASA, Elon Musk’s SpaceX and Amazon’s Blue Origin are already on the run to make mars livable. These institutions are planning on terraforming mars, so that a thicker atmosphere, plants and other life can emerge, preparing mars for colonization.
Elon Musk’s SpaceX has probably the most optimistic plans on colonizing mars. He says that by 2024 two manned starships should be sent to mars, with each having enough space for up to 100 passengers. With the moon working as a stopover. (Musk, 2017)
NASA with their project Artemis is also planning to create a base on the moon. On this base scientists can research if a life with the sources we get in space, is even possible. Also preparing the moon as a stopover for researches on Mars. Secondarily the base will be open for commercial use, so that companies can develop new products, while researching on the moon. (NASA, 2020)
Even Amazon’s CEO Jeff Bezos is participating on Artemis with his company Blue Origin. On the website of Blue Origin, the company addresses the same issues as discussed in this article: The consumption of resources on earth is too high, they claim that living on other planets would be a solution. But compared with Elon Musk’s plans on sending the first humans to mars by 2024, Blue Origin is more grounded in their aims. They say they first want to build reusable rockets, which will be safe to use and to use again, so that a cheaper path to mars for future generations can be set. SpaceX demonstrated reusability of their spaceships already by 2017. (Blue Origin, 2020)
Living in Space - Conclusion
The climate change together with the permanent growth of population are some terrific issues we face on earth today. Companies and institutions are on a race for getting to the Mars and if they show that living there is possible, new possibilities and questions will occur.
What will happen if we find some form of life on Mars? Maybe in form of bacteria? Will we act ignorant and kill these aliens just for our better life? Will we live together with them? Or will we leave them by their own and face our problems on earth?
What will happen with earth, if we will start to live on mars? Probably we will need to set a total number of citizens on earth, so that overpopulation can never happen again. Also, we would need to define a maximum sustainable and healthy amount of resources to use, so that the climate change will be controlled, and we will not endanger nature around us.
There will be a lot of other questions asked and hopefully answered. Would you live on the mars? Do you think it is achievable? Do you have other questions? Let me know in the comment section.
Maybe our future is really written in the stars.
Blue Origin; Accessed: April 25, 2020.
BP: BP Statistical Review of World Energy 68th edition, (BP), 2019
Breshers, James M.: Population Processes in Social Systems, New York (The Free Press), 1967
Bujard, Martin: Wirkt Familienpolitik auf die Geburtenrate?, (bpb.de), 2015 Accessed: April 24, 2020.
Croll, Elisabeth; Davin, Delia; Kane, Penny: China's One-Child Family Policy, New York (St. Martin's Press), 1985
Forinash, Kyle: Physics and the Environment, San Rafael (Morgan & Claypool), 2017
Gamble, Sidney D; Ching-Han Lee, Franklin: Ting Hsien, a North China Rural Community, (Institute of Pacific relations), 1954
Hawking, Stephen: A Brief History of Time - From the Big Bang to Black Holes, (Transworld Publishers Limited), 1989
Lamson, Herbert D.: Differential reproduction in China; The Quarterly Review of Biology, 1935
Miller, Lee M.; Keith, David W.: Climatic Impacts of Wind Power, (CellPress), 2018
Musk, Elon: Making Life Multiplanetary, Adelaide (spaceX), 2017; Accessed: April 25, 2020.
NASA: Artemis - Humanity's Return to the Moon; Accessed: April 25, 2020.
NASA: Mars, 2019; Accessed: April 25, 2020.
NASA: Venus, 2019; Accessed: April 25, 2020.
Rosling, Hans: Why the world population won’t exceed 11 billion, ThinkGlobalSchool.org, 2015; Accessed: April 24, 2020.
United Nations: Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2019). World Population Prospects 2019: Highlights (ST/ESA/SER.A/423).
United Nations: Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2019). World Population Prospects 2019, Online Edition. Rev. 1., 2019 Licence
United Nations: Programme of Action - Programme of Action of theInternational Conference on Population Development , United Nations Population Fund (1994); Accessed: April 24, 2020.
United Nations: Sustainable Development Goals; Accessed: April 24, 2020.